The Nokia C3 is a Blackberry-fashion messaging gadget and an inexpensive model of Nokia E63, a very low value messaging cellphone with social networking features and Wifi. While I totally sympathize with the aim to oppose technological determinism – and who wouldn’t? – I believe three main critical replies may be made. First, the cultural strategy’s definition of technology is so capacious as to be nearly ineffective. It’s hard to consider a apply which doesn’t at some point contain materiality either in creation or use. Moreover, the cultural method is just not only broad however vague. Is there actually nothing we can add to sharpen the meaning of apply in order that it captures something particularly technological? Lastly, whereas determinists are sometimes instrumentalists, it’s not the case that every one instrumentalists are determinists. An instrumental definition of expertise can allow that there’s a selection of means towards ends, and that any specific means does not determine any particular finish soldering point. The making of means can draw on the total range of human creativity whereas the articulation of ends might be shaped by human values. Briefly, an instrumental definition of know-how could be targeted sufficient to be meaningful and rich sufficient to meet the will for expertise to be inventive and culturally inclusive. In 2005, futurist Ray Kurzweil predicted that the way forward for technology would mainly consist of an overlapping “GNR Revolution” of genetics , nanotechnology and robotics , with robotics being crucial of the three. 85 This future revolution has been explored in movies, novels, and video games, which have predicted the creation of many innovations, in addition to foreseeing future occasions. Such inventions and occasions embody a authorities-managed simulation that resulted from massive robotics advancements, (The Matrix), a society that has rid itself of procreation as a consequence of improvements in genetic engineering (Courageous New World), and a police state enforced by the government utilizing datamining, nanobots, and drones (Watch Dogs). People have already made among the first steps towards achieving the GNR revolution.
2 min to read